<big id="zlbd1"><big id="zlbd1"></big></big>
      <video id="zlbd1"></video>

        <em id="zlbd1"></em>

        <big id="zlbd1"><span id="zlbd1"><thead id="zlbd1"></thead></span></big>

          <pre id="zlbd1"><sub id="zlbd1"><progress id="zlbd1"></progress></sub></pre>

                立即打开
                曾经的抗疫模范国,现在彻底崩了

                曾经的抗疫模范国,现在彻底崩了

                麦甘云(Grady McGregor) 2021年08月27日
                传播力极强的德尔塔变种病毒让越南原本还能够应付的抗疫系统转眼成了摆设。

                当欧美的各发达国家为应对新冠疫情而疲于奔命之时,越南已经基本成功地将新冠病毒阻隔在了国境线之外。数月前,卓越的抗疫成效仍然足以让越南引以为傲。然而今夏以来,受到德尔塔变种病毒病例激增的影响,该国此前的亮眼成绩已经成为过眼云烟。

                过去一周,越南的感染率再创新高,单日平均新增10680例,新冠肺炎相关死亡病例激增至单日360例。据约翰斯?霍普金斯大学(Johns Hopkins University)提供的数据,截至目前,越南全国共有358456例确诊病例,其中263543例为上月确诊;死亡病例8666人,其中8296人在过去的一个月时间里去世。

                正在胡志明市新冠肺炎病房工作的牛津大学临床研究中心(Oxford University Clinical Research Unit)主任盖伊?思韦茨说:“(越南人)没有经历过这种景象,新一轮疫情爆发已经让(越南的医疗体系)捉襟见肘。”

                8月24日,美国副总统贺锦丽(Kamala Harris)抵达越南展开访问,此时正值越南的新冠疫情最旺之时。贺锦丽计划与越南政府协调新冠战略,但越南除了将封城举措延长数周、加紧推动进展缓慢的疫苗接种工作外,或许并未找到破解当前危局的路径。

                德尔塔变种病毒

                在2020年的大部分时间及2021年年初,越南基本未受新冠疫情影响。该国通过管控边境、及时隔离、紧密追踪密接者及地方性封城等措施,成功地遏制住了新冠病毒的蔓延。

                由于“抗疫”成绩斐然,越南成为去年全球少数几个实现经济正增长的国家之一。

                2020年,越南GDP增长了2.9%,在印尼、马来西亚等邻国纷纷实施严格封城措施的背景之下,越南因为疫情管控得当,企业、工厂仍然可以保持正常运转。

                但今年5月,越南报告了一起与胡志明市的某教堂有关的群聚感染案例,共有超过100人感染。当局对该市的部分地区进行了封锁,同时开始进行大规模核酸检测,但病例数仍然不断攀升。到6月和7月,越南的每日新增病例数已经达到数千之多,不但胡志明市受到影响,全国各地也都受到了波及。

                思韦茨表示,病毒进入越南的路径可能不只一条,传播力极强的德尔塔变种病毒让越南原本还能够应付的抗疫系统转眼成了摆设。

                “本期疫情爆发的源头是德尔塔变种病毒。”思韦茨称,“越南此前的抗疫工作极为出色,但其脆弱性始终存在……虽然不想这么说,但事实上,新冠肺炎快速变异并造成如此严重的伤害和破坏并不让我感到惊讶。”

                疫苗接种

                越南在此类致命的疫情爆发面前依然十分脆弱,主要原因在于该国大多数人口仍然未接种疫苗。截至8月24日,越南完成两针疫苗接种的人口比例只有1.9%,而在该国9800万人中,至少接种了一针的人口仅有15.8%。

                越南的疫苗接种缓慢的部分原因在于,早期疫苗供应大部分都被富有国家抢购一空。

                本周,世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)的总干事谭德塞(Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus)严厉批评了富有国家囤积疫苗的行为,并呼吁向那些正在进行疫苗加强接种的国家停供两个月,以便将现有疫苗供应优先发放给急需接种的国家。

                然而在获取疫苗方面,越南可能也曾经掉以轻心,因为该国在今春几乎没有出现过新冠病例。

                越南在3月启动了其疫苗接种计划,当时使用的是英国疫苗制造商阿斯利康(AstraZeneca)以及俄罗斯Sputnik V的疫苗。自那之后,该国已经部署了超过1150万支阿斯利康疫苗。然而,越南直到7月才开始提升供应量,当时,越南卫生官员为中国疫苗制造商国药集团以及美国辉瑞(Pfizer)和Moderna疫苗的引入扫清了障碍。总的来说,越南如今已经拿到了1000多万支疫苗,而且该国最近计划在年底前为50%的人口接种疫苗。

                澳大利亚战略政策研究所(Australian Strategic Policy Institute)高级分析师、东南亚政策专家洪乐秋(Huong Le Thu,音译)称,美国已经向越南捐赠了500万支辉瑞和Moderna疫苗,比给其他任何国家的捐赠都多。然而她表示,如果贺锦丽的访问可以带来更多的疫苗,那么越南当前的危机就有望得到缓解。洪乐秋说:“对于能够立即送达越南的疫苗,来多少我们要多少。”她还表示,贺锦丽预计本周在越南设立新的美国疾病控制与预防中心(U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)办公室,这个积极的信号表明,美国有意更加深入地参与解决越南的公共卫生问题。

                封锁令

                尽管越南的疫苗接种进展十分缓慢,但该国推行了严厉的封锁令,以控制新病例的激增。为了应对最近的爆发,越南政府已经在胡志明市、河内等主要城市发布了严格的居家隔离令。8月23日,政府向胡志明市派遣军队,以强制实施封锁令,并发放食物。胡志明市还在8月24日宣布,该市将对全市900万居民进行核酸检测。

                与此同时,越南的邻国泰国也遭遇了新一轮的疫情感染,其疫苗接种的进展亦十分缓慢。泰国在本周宣布,该国将放弃其零新冠病例策略,转而采取病毒容忍政策。

                洪乐秋称,为了重启经济,越南最终将不得不学会与疫情共处,并允许本国存在一定水平的感染率。然而,政府如今似乎决定坚持其零新冠病例策略,并不惜一切代价阻止该疾病的传播。

                洪乐秋说:“[与病毒共处]可能才是越南的未来之路。然而在眼下,[政府]还没有传递出这种信息,因为当务之急是控制疫情传播,并让民众接种疫苗。”

                思韦茨称,越南的医疗系统正处于崩溃边缘,因此政府或许有必要在新增病例下降之前采取严格的社交隔离政策。

                “我认为封锁令是越南短期内确保其医疗系统不至于崩溃的唯一举措。”思韦茨说。(财富中文网)

                译者:冯丰

                审校:夏林

                当欧美的各发达国家为应对新冠疫情而疲于奔命之时,越南已经基本成功地将新冠病毒阻隔在了国境线之外。数月前,卓越的抗疫成效仍然足以让越南引以为傲。然而今夏以来,受到德尔塔变种病毒病例激增的影响,该国此前的亮眼成绩已经成为过眼云烟。

                过去一周,越南的感染率再创新高,单日平均新增10680例,新冠肺炎相关死亡病例激增至单日360例。据约翰斯?霍普金斯大学(Johns Hopkins University)提供的数据,截至目前,越南全国共有358456例确诊病例,其中263543例为上月确诊;死亡病例8666人,其中8296人在过去的一个月时间里去世。

                正在胡志明市新冠肺炎病房工作的牛津大学临床研究中心(Oxford University Clinical Research Unit)主任盖伊?思韦茨说:“(越南人)没有经历过这种景象,新一轮疫情爆发已经让(越南的医疗体系)捉襟见肘。”

                8月24日,美国副总统贺锦丽(Kamala Harris)抵达越南展开访问,此时正值越南的新冠疫情最旺之时。贺锦丽计划与越南政府协调新冠战略,但越南除了将封城举措延长数周、加紧推动进展缓慢的疫苗接种工作外,或许并未找到破解当前危局的路径。

                德尔塔变种病毒

                在2020年的大部分时间及2021年年初,越南基本未受新冠疫情影响。该国通过管控边境、及时隔离、紧密追踪密接者及地方性封城等措施,成功地遏制住了新冠病毒的蔓延。

                由于“抗疫”成绩斐然,越南成为去年全球少数几个实现经济正增长的国家之一。

                2020年,越南GDP增长了2.9%,在印尼、马来西亚等邻国纷纷实施严格封城措施的背景之下,越南因为疫情管控得当,企业、工厂仍然可以保持正常运转。

                但今年5月,越南报告了一起与胡志明市的某教堂有关的群聚感染案例,共有超过100人感染。当局对该市的部分地区进行了封锁,同时开始进行大规模核酸检测,但病例数仍然不断攀升。到6月和7月,越南的每日新增病例数已经达到数千之多,不但胡志明市受到影响,全国各地也都受到了波及。

                思韦茨表示,病毒进入越南的路径可能不只一条,传播力极强的德尔塔变种病毒让越南原本还能够应付的抗疫系统转眼成了摆设。

                “本期疫情爆发的源头是德尔塔变种病毒。”思韦茨称,“越南此前的抗疫工作极为出色,但其脆弱性始终存在……虽然不想这么说,但事实上,新冠肺炎快速变异并造成如此严重的伤害和破坏并不让我感到惊讶。”

                疫苗接种

                越南在此类致命的疫情爆发面前依然十分脆弱,主要原因在于该国大多数人口仍然未接种疫苗。截至8月24日,越南完成两针疫苗接种的人口比例只有1.9%,而在该国9800万人中,至少接种了一针的人口仅有15.8%。

                越南的疫苗接种缓慢的部分原因在于,早期疫苗供应大部分都被富有国家抢购一空。

                本周,世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)的总干事谭德塞(Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus)严厉批评了富有国家囤积疫苗的行为,并呼吁向那些正在进行疫苗加强接种的国家停供两个月,以便将现有疫苗供应优先发放给急需接种的国家。

                然而在获取疫苗方面,越南可能也曾经掉以轻心,因为该国在今春几乎没有出现过新冠病例。

                越南在3月启动了其疫苗接种计划,当时使用的是英国疫苗制造商阿斯利康(AstraZeneca)以及俄罗斯Sputnik V的疫苗。自那之后,该国已经部署了超过1150万支阿斯利康疫苗。然而,越南直到7月才开始提升供应量,当时,越南卫生官员为中国疫苗制造商国药集团以及美国辉瑞(Pfizer)和Moderna疫苗的引入扫清了障碍。总的来说,越南如今已经拿到了1000多万支疫苗,而且该国最近计划在年底前为50%的人口接种疫苗。

                澳大利亚战略政策研究所(Australian Strategic Policy Institute)高级分析师、东南亚政策专家洪乐秋(Huong Le Thu,音译)称,美国已经向越南捐赠了500万支辉瑞和Moderna疫苗,比给其他任何国家的捐赠都多。然而她表示,如果贺锦丽的访问可以带来更多的疫苗,那么越南当前的危机就有望得到缓解。洪乐秋说:“对于能够立即送达越南的疫苗,来多少我们要多少。”她还表示,贺锦丽预计本周在越南设立新的美国疾病控制与预防中心(U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)办公室,这个积极的信号表明,美国有意更加深入地参与解决越南的公共卫生问题。

                封锁令

                尽管越南的疫苗接种进展十分缓慢,但该国推行了严厉的封锁令,以控制新病例的激增。为了应对最近的爆发,越南政府已经在胡志明市、河内等主要城市发布了严格的居家隔离令。8月23日,政府向胡志明市派遣军队,以强制实施封锁令,并发放食物。胡志明市还在8月24日宣布,该市将对全市900万居民进行核酸检测。

                与此同时,越南的邻国泰国也遭遇了新一轮的疫情感染,其疫苗接种的进展亦十分缓慢。泰国在本周宣布,该国将放弃其零新冠病例策略,转而采取病毒容忍政策。

                洪乐秋称,为了重启经济,越南最终将不得不学会与疫情共处,并允许本国存在一定水平的感染率。然而,政府如今似乎决定坚持其零新冠病例策略,并不惜一切代价阻止该疾病的传播。

                洪乐秋说:“[与病毒共处]可能才是越南的未来之路。然而在眼下,[政府]还没有传递出这种信息,因为当务之急是控制疫情传播,并让民众接种疫苗。”

                思韦茨称,越南的医疗系统正处于崩溃边缘,因此政府或许有必要在新增病例下降之前采取严格的社交隔离政策。

                “我认为封锁令是越南短期内确保其医疗系统不至于崩溃的唯一举措。”思韦茨说。(财富中文网)

                译者:冯丰

                审校:夏林

                Up until a few months ago, Vietnam could boast of one of the world’s most successful COVID-19 responses. The country virtually eradicated the virus from the country’s borders even as it flummoxed governments and ravaged health systems in richer countries like the U.S. But this summer, Vietnam’s victory over COVID was inundated by a Delta-driven wave of infections.

                In the past week, Vietnam has reported record-high infection rates, with new cases averaging 10,680 per day and COVID-related deaths surging to 360 per day. In total, 263,543 of the country’s 358456 infections have been reported in the past month, according to Johns Hopkins. Meanwhile, 8,296 of the country’s 8,666 deaths from COVID-19 have occurred in the past month.

                “No one [here] has really experienced anything like this before,” says Guy Thwaites, director of the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit (OUCRU), who also works in COVID-19 wards in Ho Chi Minh City. “The outbreak has definitely stretched [Vietnam’s health care system] enormously.”

                U.S. Vice President Kamala Harris, due to arrive in Vietnam on August 24, will encounter the country at its most dire point in battling the pandemic. Harris plans to coordinate with the government on its COVID-19 strategy, but Vietnam may not have a clear path out of its current crisis beyond weeks of extended lockdowns and a renewed effort to accelerate its fledgling vaccination campaign.

                The Delta variant

                For much of 2020 and early 2021, Vietnam lived relatively free of COVID-19. The country deployed a mixture of border restrictions and quarantines, intensive contact tracing teams, and localized lockdowns to keep the virus at bay.

                Vietnam’s success in containing the virus allowed it to become one of the only countries in the world to grow its economy last year.

                In 2020, the country’s GDP expanded by 2.9%, as virus containment measures allowed businesses and factories to remain open even as neighboring countries like Indonesia and Malaysia endured strict lockdowns.

                But in May, Vietnam reported a cluster of over a hundred cases tied to a church in Ho Chi Minh City. Authorities locked down parts of the city and conducted a mass testing campaign, but cases continued to climb. By June and July, Vietnam began reporting hundreds and then thousands of new infections per day, not just in Ho Chi Minh City but throughout the country.

                Thwaites says that the virus was likely introduced at multiple points into Vietnam, and the highly transmissible Delta variant simply overwhelmed Vietnam’s once airtight system.

                “It’s a Delta-driven surge,” says Thwaites. “The country has done enormously well, but it was always vulnerable…It doesn’t surprise me, unfortunately, that something like [COVID-19] can evolve this quickly and cause this degree of harm and disruption.”

                Vaccinations

                The principal reason that Vietnam remains vulnerable to such a deadly outbreak is that much of its population remains unvaccinated. As of August 24, Vietnam had fully vaccinated just 1.9% of its population, while 15.8% of the country’s 98 million citizens have gotten at least one jab.

                Vietnam’s slow vaccine rollout is due, in part, to the fact that wealthy nations gobbled up the majority of early vaccine supplies.

                This week World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, who has castigated wealthy countries for hoarding vaccine supplies, called for a two-month moratorium on nations distributing booster shots in order to prioritize sending existing supplies to countries that need the jabs.

                But Vietnam may have also gotten complacent about securing jabs while the country lived relatively free of COVID-19 this spring.

                Vietnam launched its vaccination campaign in March using doses from British vaccine maker AstraZeneca as well as Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine, and it has deployed over 11.5 million AstraZeneca shots since then. But the country did not bolster its supply until July, when health officials cleared the way for distribution of doses supplied by Chinese vaccine maker Sinopharm and the American firms Pfizer and Moderna. In total, Vietnam has now secured over 100 million vaccine doses, and recently rolled out a plan to vaccinate 50% of its population by the end of the year.

                Huong Le Thu, a senior analyst and Southeast Asia policy expert at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, says the U.S. has donated 5 million Pfizer and Moderna vaccines to Vietnam, more than any other country. But she notes that Harris’s visit could help alleviate Vietnam’s current crisis if it leads to more vaccines. “Any amount of vaccines arriving immediately would be welcomed,” Le Thu says. She adds that Harris is expected to launch a new U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention office in Vietnam this week, a positive sign that the U.S. is interested in deeper engagement on public health issues in Vietnam.

                Lockdowns

                While Vietnam’s vaccination campaign has lagged, the country has imposed strict lockdowns to contain the surge of infections. In response to the latest outbreak, the government has issued strict stay-at-home orders in major cities like Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi. On August 23, the government dispatched the military to Ho Chi Minh City to enforce the lockdown and hand out food supplies. Ho Chi Minh City also announced on August 24 that it plans a citywide testing campaign for its 9 million residents.

                Meanwhile, Vietnam’s neighbor Thailand announced this week that it will shift away from a COVID-zero strategy to one that tolerates the virus amid its own wave of new infections and a similarly lagging vaccine campaign.

                Le Thu says that Vietnam will eventually have to learn to live with the virus and accept some level of infections spreading through the country in order to reopen. But for now the government appears set on sticking to its COVID-zero strategy and reducing the spread of the disease at all costs.

                “[Living with the virus] is probably the future course for Vietnam,” Le Thu says. “But at the moment there are no such messages yet [from the government] because the urgency is on controlling the spread and vaccinating the population.”

                Thwaites says that Vietnam’s health care system is on the brink, and strict social distancing measures may be necessary until cases begin to fall.

                “I think lockdowns are the only measure in the short term to keep the health care system from falling over,” says Thwaites.

                最新:
                • 热读文章
                • 热门视频
                活动
                扫码打开财富Plus App